IoT – Internet of Things
Have you ever heard the term Internet of Things that is more and more often called Intelligence of Things? If not, you simply did not realize that this applies to your everyday life, except that you did not know how it is called and maybe you do not really know how it works. Therefore, let’s solve all the doubts.
Kevin Ashton is a British technology pioneer who one day decided to come up with a name to specify the phenomenon in which everyday devices are connected to the Internet and other devices simultaneously and name it “the Internet of Things”. It is strongly associated with RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification) technology, as well as other, as sensor or wireless technologies and QR codes.
It is worth emphasizing that this does not apply only to the world of computers and telephones, on the contrary it applies to the most of the things that surround us, so to put it simply, it is a phenomenon of connecting the reality with the Internet for easier communication and data management.
There are three categories of the biggest IoT projects that are Smart City, industrial settings and Smart Building.
Apps from the segment of Smart City are used on roads by cities from all over the world. Thanks to IoT, you can have control over many factors, such as broadly understood road communication (inside, as well as outside the car) and logistical control (parking systems, intelligent public transport management) or secure control (traffic control) of the vehicle.
Then, we have industry-related software, for example it may be connected to all machines control used in industry both outside and inside the production halls, and verifying quality checks.
Applications are also created, to be able to remotely control and manage mechanical and electronic systems in public and private buildings, in order to reduce costs, as well as monitor the situation without putting a lot of effort into it. Often people are creating apps related to household appliances, house automation and health, for those who like technology and its benefits that facilitate their lives.
It is obvious that IoT can be used in any field if we use a little bit of creativity and intuition. However, there are also some risks associated with IoT. It is worth emphasizing that this is a huge database that is available on all connected devices, so it is a big risk regarding data security. It is enough that an unwanted virus sneaks into one of the devices and all information from our devices falls into the wrong hands. Hackers are able to break into our system to take control of it without our knowledge and for example our private data can be used against us. That is why it is so important to use IoT wisely, as well as technology in general, remembering about having a proper security systems.
Finally, it is noteworthy that IoT allows you to save money because problems are noticed quickly, due to the fact that analysing all factors, is happening on a regular basis, so there is no oversight.
“Internet of things” <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_of_things#Applications>
“Internet of Things (IoT)” Feb. 25, 2019. (July 13, 2020) <https://www.techopedia.com/definition/28247/internet-of-things-iot>
“Internet Rzeczy – czym jest i jakie niesie zagrożenia” Jan. 18, 2016. (July 13, 2020) <https://www.komputerswiat.pl/artykuly/inne/internet-rzeczy-czym-jest-i-jakie-niesie-zagrozenia/k6h1zw0>
“Kevin Ashton” <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kevin_Ashton>
Scully, Padraig “The Top 10 IoT Segments in 2018 – based on 1,600 real IoT projects” Feb. 22, 2018. (July 13, 2020) <https://iot-analytics.com/top-10-iot-segments-2018-real-iot-projects/>